Document referenceDX316
Level of description Fonds
TitleOcean Steam Coal Collieries
Creator(s)David Davies & Co
BackgroundDavid Davies (1818-1890) was the founder of the Ocean Coal Co. Ltd. Davies first entered the coal mining business when he obtained the mineral rights for the Treorchy area from Crawshay Bailey and, after fifteen months, on the ninth of April 1866 they hit coal at Maindy Colliery. This was followed by the sinking of Park Colliery. In 1867 David Davies & Company was formed and sinkings continued with the Dare Colliery in April 1870, they then expanded into the Ogmore Valley with the sinking of Western Colliery (previously named Edward) in 1873 and Eastern Colliery (previously named Bwllfa) which first produced coal in 1877. Following this they expanded into the Garw Valley with the sinking of Garw Colliery. Davies called his product Ocean (Merthyr) Steam Coal and his collieries were known as the Ocean collieries. The whole enterprise became the Ocean Coal Co. Ltd, incorporated in 1887, with Davies controlling the main portion of the capital. Became the Ocean and United National Collieries Ltd in 1945.
DescriptionRecords of the Ocean collieries, owned by David Davies & Co., comprising pay books for Dare and Maindy pits (1869-1875) and compensation vouchers (1947).
Extent3 volumes, 1 paper
Physical characteristicsFair condition
AppraisalAll records which meet the collection policy of Glamorgan Archives have been retained.
Source of AcquisitionDeposited by Mrs Roberts, Branch Librarian, Pencoed Library, 4 Nov 1982
Finding AidsA detailed catalogue is available
Related materialRelated records are held at Glamorgan Archive. See D1400 for records of the Ocean Coal Company Ltd and D1404 for records of Ocean and United National Collieries Ltd. See D1402 for other records concerning the Ocean Coal collieries prior to the incorporation of the Ocean Coal Company in 1887.
Access statusNo restrictions.
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