Document referenceBC
Level of description Fonds
TitleCardiff Borough Council, Records
Creator(s)Cardiff County Borough Council
Cardiff Borough Council
BackgroundThe first written charter relating to Cardiff (Glamorgan), dated between 1122 and 1147, confirms a number of privileges granted by the lord of Glamorgan to the settlement here. These privileges were renewed by successive lords until the borough was constituted as a corporate authority by an Act of 1542. Royal charters of Elizabeth I, and James I, confirmed and extended Cardiff's ancient rights.

The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 came into force on 1 January 1836, and a new Town Council was elected by men over the age of 21 who occupied a house, warehouse, counting house, or shop, and paid rates. By 1875, the city boundaries were extended to include the parish of Roath, including Splott, and Grangetown and Canton in the parish of Llandaff. In 1905, Cardiff gained city status and in 1922, the boundaries were again extended to encompass the remainder of Llandaff, most of the parish of Whitchurch, and the parish of Llanedeyrn. In 1938, Rumney (Monmouthshire) was brought within the city boundaries and, in 1974, St Mellons (Monmouthshire). Cardiff became the capital city of Wales in 1955. The Council took over the responsibilities of Cardiff Local Board of Health, Cardiff Waterworks Company, and the Royal Hamadryad Seaman's Hospital.

The Local Government (County Councils) Act 1888, reformed local government, establishing elected councils to take over responsibility for those aspects of county administration which had until that date been dealt with by the justices of the peace in Quarter Sessions.

In 1929, another Local Government Act transferred responsibility for public assistance from the Boards of Guardians to the borough council. New legislation, relating to public health, agriculture, mental deficiency, highways, and town and country planning, gave further responsibilities to the council, particularly between 1919 and 1947.

In the period immediately after the Second World War, some responsibilities were transferred from Cardiff Rural District Council, but with the establishment of the National Health Service and the welfare state, the council lost responsibilities for major services relating to health and public assistance to central government.

Local government was reorganised in 1974 and Cardiff City Council became effectively a district council under South Glamorgan County Council.

Following local government reorganisation in 1996, the unitary authority of the City and County Borough Council of Cardiff was formed.
DescriptionCharters, 1338-1608; committee records, 1835-1974; custom house records, 1686-1746; education committee records, 1904-1972; education department records, 1902-1969; fire service records, 1943-1974; Glamorganshire canal records, 1791-1937; public health department records, 1924-1931; Royal Hamadryad Seaman's Hospital, 1897-1906; Cardiff Local Board of Health records, 1850-1879; Cardiff Market records, 1891-1969; Public Assistance/Welfare Department records, 1913-1978; pictorial records, 1881-1980; Cardiff Street Commissioners, 1774-1865; Town Clerk's Department records, 19th-20th century; Treasurer's Department records, 1892-1968; Weights and Measures Department records, 1893-1974; Cardiff Waterworks Company, 1895-1971; miscellaneous papers [19th century - 20th century]; plans, 1857-1978; registers of building plans submitted to Cardiff Borough Council, 1857-1958; City Planning Department records, [1960s]-1970; Cardiff Technical Institute building plans, 1912; Parks and Open Spaces Department records, 1936-1953.Additional material deposited 2014 Assorted documents including deeds, plans relating to Bute Docks, Cardiff and Development Plan, 1953; Electoral Registers, 1949-1975
ArrangementArranged by type and date.
Extent1,488 boxes
Physical characteristicsGood condition
AppraisalAll records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Archives have been retained.
Source of AcquisitionTransferred by the Cardiff Borough Council and its successors at various dates.
Finding AidsA detailed catalogue is available online
Related materialSouth Glamorgan County Council (ref. S)
Access statusNo restrictions.
Conditions of accessGall eitemau sy'n cynnwys gwybodaeth am unigolion a enwir fod wedi'u cyfyngu yn unol a ddeddfwriaeth gwarchod data a pholisi Archifau Morgannwg / Items containing information on named individuals may be restricted in accordance with data protection legislation and GA policy.
Supporting documents

Cardiff Borough Council, Records

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